Sustainability Accounting & Sustainable Corporate Finance
Environmental & Social Impact Identification
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Environmental & Social Impact Identification

Sustainability accounting refers to all accounting information related to the indirect costs of economic activities and their impact on the environment. It translates environmental costs, environmental policies, environmental assets and resources into financial results. In this section, we provide a methodology for selecting appropriate key metrics, screening and assessing impacts throughout the value chain.

Define the relevant sustainability metrics - BASIC
Cost
LOW
Cost
MEDIUM
Cost
HIGH
EFFORT
low
EFFORT
medium
EFFORT
HIGH
IMPACT
low
IMPACT
MEDIUM
IMPACT
HIGH

The relevant KPIs should be related to the selected materiality topic (see the strategic analysis section to define those topics).

Environmental metrics: e.g. greenhouse gas emissions, water use, energy use, waste, biodiversity impact.

Social metrics: e.g. gender equality, human rights, child labour, occupational injuries.

Governance metrics: e.g. board diversity, board independence, equitable treatment of shareholders.

You may be required to provide your carbon footprint or other metrics for regulatory reasons or to meet the demands of external stakeholders. You can browse our website for carbon footprint management.

To facilitate comparability between companies with similar risks, opportunities and impacts, the use of normalisation factors is recommended . These industry-specific metrics include sales, production units, number of employees, hours worked, etc.. It also makes it easier to monitor your own performance over time.

+95%

increase in GHG emission in Asia in between 1990 and 2010
(OECD)

27

core sustainability metrics have been defined by ASEAN Exchanges, of which 4 are environmental, 13 are social and 10 are governance.
(ASEAN Exchanges)

ADDITIONAL RESOURCES
Suppliers that provide solutions:
Sustainability consulting
Tamotsu Institute

ACTIVATE - DESIGN - ACCELERATE. Our expert consulting services and trainings help business leaders understand the complexities of sustainability, consider climate- and nature-related risks and opportunities to make informed decisions and alleviate the administrative burdens of:

  • Risk management and compliance
  • Organizational transformation and project managemen
  • tStakeholder engagement and reporting

We work directly with SMEs or collaborate with other sustainability consulting companies on specific projects. We are actively involved in networks of sustainability professionals who share knowledge with public and educate other professionals to bring awareness and accelerate the transition in Singapore and worldwide (incl. The Matcha Initiative, Climate Fresk, etc.).

Our unique strength stems from understanding sustainability from the risk management perspective, creating a business case and using financial reasoning to adopt sustainable business practices and decarbonize.Operates in: Singapore

Sustainability Consulting Services
Sustainao

Sustainao supports companies in their sustainability journey by building an impactful strategy, embedding sustainable practices across operations, and reporting performance to stakeholders.

Our sustainability consulting services are designed in a continuous improvement process:

  1. Strategy: governance, materiality analysis, risks and opportunities, stakeholder engagement, UN SDGs
  2. Deployment: action plan, KPIs, targets, data monitoring, training
  3. Reporting: data collection and validation, sustainability reporting (GRI Standards), integrated reporting (IIRC)
  4. Recognition: ESG rating and indexes (e.g., DJSI, CDP, GRESB, Sustainalytics, VigeoEiris), client's requests (e.g., questionnaires, tenants, EcoVadis)
  5. Assessment: gap analysis, benchmarks, mock audits
Consultancy and training services on sustainability, strategy, risk and entrepreneurship
SustainableSG

SustainableSG was started in September 2018 to accompany companies, non-profit entities and government agencies to review and implement effective and sustainable corporate strategies. Our services include:

  • Strategy development and planning
  • Assessing climate change-related risks and the impact to your organization
  • Training and enhancing organizational capabilities
  • Sustainability reporting and stakeholder engagement
  • Public education
Sustainability Management Accounting
Tulya

At Tulyā, we are accredited sustainability consultants holding certifications in GRI, SASB and TCFD (now IFRS-ISSB), and ISO 14064 GHG Lead Verifiers, alongside being Singapore Certified Management Consultants. We are dedicated to driving sustainable business development across industries through Sustainable Management Accounting.  

We help MNCs with:

  • Evaluation of impact, risks, & opportunities
  • Re-assessment of materiality topics
  • Alignment with new reporting process requirements
  • Evaluation of value chain partners.

We help SMEs with:

  • Sustainability diagnostics
  • Stakeholder engagement
  • Impact, risk & opportunity assessment
  • Materiality assessment
  • Governance structure & process integration
  • Connecting sustainability accounting with financial accounting
  • Scenario building & target setting
  • Creation of sustainability reports.
Sustainability & Impact Consultancy
Walk the Talk Consultancy

Walk The Talk is a boutique consultancy working with businesses, financial institutions(agnostic of sector and size) and multi-stakeholder organisations to deploy circular business models, create and manage impact and contribute to a regenerative economy.

We support organisations across the sustainability, impact and climate action lifecycle from ideation to execution and offer services related to: ESG & Financial Advisory, Impact and Value Creation, Monitoring, Evaluation & Reporting, and Systems Convening.

Operates in: deliver projects across geographies, based out of Singapore

Organic and Sustainable Certification
Ecocert

Certification of organic and sustainable products in the agri-food, cosmetics and textile industries

Screen the impacts on the entire value chain - ADVANCED
Cost
LOW
Cost
MEDIUM
Cost
HIGH
EFFORT
low
EFFORT
medium
EFFORT
HIGH
IMPACT
low
IMPACT
MEDIUM
IMPACT
HIGH

Sustainability accounting is a set of tools and practices designed to measure and evaluate a company's sustainability activities and their impact on the business.

To get a more accurate picture of the company's footprint and build more targeted action plans, it is necessary to carry out an in-depth review of the value chain. Going through the stages one by one will allow you to identify more precisely the environmental (loss of biodiversity, water consumption, use of natural resources, etc.) and human (outsourcing to low-income countries, human rights, etc.) impacts of your business.

Tracking and managing environmental costs, identifying where the impacts occur and how to make improvements, requires a process-oriented approach.

- At the very least, you would need a simple version of an Operational Management System (OMS), which is a set of processes and procedures to effectively manage business practices.

- For a more in-depth approach, you could carry out an Environmental Impact Assessment, which is a systematic process for identifying the positive and negative environmental impacts (externalities) of the organisation's activities.

less than half

of companies report on biodiversity loss
(KPMG)

90%

of the companies GHG emissions come from their supply chains, according to the Environmental Protection Agency
(EPS News)

ADDITIONAL RESOURCES

- Course on Environmental Impact Assessment from Singapore Polytechnic

- Get inspired by Kering EP&L

- ISO 14001- Environmental management system

Suppliers that provide solutions:
Climate cloud platform
Asuzero Singapore Pte. Ltd.

Asuzero is a comprehensive platform for enterprises aiming to achieve net-zero and combat the global climate crisis. Our unique value proposition lies in offering a one-stop solution that educates and guides customers on their decarbonization journey. We provide bespoke consulting services to help organisations understand their carbon footprint and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions across all three scopes.

By addressing Scope 3 emissions, we assist customers in engaging with their vendors and conducting assessments to accurately calculate and offset their emissions. Furthermore, our platform offers Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) and Supply Chain functions to help manage sustainability performance and track progress towards sustainability goals.

As a certified provider by CDP and TCFD, we are authorised to issue sustainability ratings for companies and products, highlighting their level of sustainability performance. Asuzero enables enterprises to take decisive action, drive momentum, and work towards a sustainable, low-carbon future.

Operates in: Singapore, Japan, Thailand, Hong Kong

Organic and Sustainable Certification
Ecocert

Certification of organic and sustainable products in the agri-food, cosmetics and textile industries

Sustainability & Impact Consultancy
Walk the Talk Consultancy

Walk The Talk is a boutique consultancy working with businesses, financial institutions (agnostic of sector and size) and multi-stakeholder organisations to deploy circular business models, create and manage impact and contribute to a regenerative economy.

We support organisations across the sustainability, impact and climate action lifecycle from ideation to execution and offer services related to: ESG & Financial Advisory, Impact and Value Creation, Monitoring, Evaluation & Reporting, and Systems Convening.

A smart platform automating supplier sustainability diligence and tracking
Givvable

Givvable is an automated data platform that helps organisations understand the sustainability profile of their suppliers and supply chain. It captures, tracks and reports on the credentials of suppliers, that are the strongest indicators of whether a supplier is taking action on sustainability.

Givvable covers local to global and SME to MNC suppliers, ensuring it has the widest coverage of supplier sustainability data globally.

Givvable will help you:

  • screen your existing suppliers and identify gaps for improvement
  • vet new suppliers at RFP, onboarding or renewal
  • find new suppliers via the givvable search platform
  • build capability in your suppliers through learning tools, modules and badges
Climate solutions provider
South Pole

South Pole has been at the forefront of decarbonization since 2006, developing and implementing comprehensive strategies that turn climate action into long-term business opportunities for Fortune 500 companies, governments and organizations around the world.

South Pole is more than a consultancy, its team of 1,200+ experts have developed projects, as well as designed innovative tools across finance, climate neutral APIs, and carbon offset solutions to help clients reach their carbon mitigation and Net Zero goals.

To date South Pole has worked with over 1,000 clients, and will soon have developed 800 offset projects across 30 offices globally. Our solutions have created tens of thousands of jobs in developing countries, hundreds of millions of dollars for business, improved brand value and better living and working conditions for countless people in vulnerable communities around the world.

Climate-Tech focusing on carbon & ESG management
Zuno Carbon

Zuno is a pioneer in decarbonisation, carbon & ESG management. Our tech platform helps leading organization measure, reduce and report their carbon emissions and ESG performance. Powering you towards your sustainability goals, one step at a time.

Select assessment tools for environmental and social impacts - ADVANCED
Cost
LOW
Cost
MEDIUM
Cost
HIGH
EFFORT
low
EFFORT
medium
EFFORT
HIGH
IMPACT
low
IMPACT
MEDIUM
IMPACT
HIGH

Together with financial information, non-financial metrics should be part of the decision making process to understand the relationship between accounting and environmental issues. Based on a detailed understanding of the processes at a fine granularity (from solution above "Screen the impacts on the entire value chain"), the following tools are methods for assessing the externalities that sustainability accounting is expected to integrate:

Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) - measures the environmental impact of a product or service from start to finish, covering all stages of a life cycle. Carbon footprint could be an example. The Life Cycle Initiative provides insight into LCA assessment tools and methodologies. The principles and framework for LCA are described in ISO 14040 and the requirements themselves are set out in ISO 14044.

Social Return on Investment (SRoI) - to assess the range of impacts of an investment. It differs from other methods in that it allows the societal value of an investment to be calculated beyond the financial return. It helps to identify the different types of social, environmental and economic outcomes that an activity has. Example: NGOs and non-profit organisations use SRoI to effectively measure their activities and their impact on creating value in society.

Internal carbon pricing - an internal carbon pricing system identifies the process in which emissions are produced and puts an internal shadow price on them. You can browse our website on carbon footprint management.

Living wage - When outsourcing to a low-income country, a living wage should be incorporated to reflect the real cost of the product. It is a standardised cost that includes the actual cost of labour paid in the foreign country, increased by a wage differential based on the domestic market. More details on the Living Wage Accounting Model (Shift, 2023).

126th / 142 countries

is Singapore's rank in terms of carbon emissions per $GDP
(NCCS)

over 80%

of the world's wastewater is discharged untreated into biodiversity-rich freshwater and into coastal ecosystems
(World Economic Forum)

Suppliers that provide solutions:
Sustainability Consultant
Unravel Carbon

We are a decarbonization software focussing on automating the emission measurement of Scope3 emissions, specialising in Asia Pacific supply chains.

Operates in: APAC

Climate cloud platform
Asuzero Singapore Pte. Ltd.

Asuzero is a comprehensive platform for enterprises aiming to achieve net-zero and combat the global climate crisis. Our unique value proposition lies in offering a one-stop solution that educates and guides customers on their decarbonization journey. We provide bespoke consulting services to help organisations understand their carbon footprint and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions across all three scopes.

By addressing Scope 3 emissions, we assist customers in engaging with their vendors and conducting assessments to accurately calculate and offset their emissions. Furthermore, our platform offers Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) and Supply Chain functions to help manage sustainability performance and track progress towards sustainability goals.

As a certified provider by CDP and TCFD, we are authorised to issue sustainability ratings for companies and products, highlighting their level of sustainability performance. Asuzero enables enterprises to take decisive action, drive momentum, and work towards a sustainable, low-carbon future.Operates in: Singapore, Japan, Thailand, Hong Kong

Sustainability Consulting Services
Sustainao

Sustainao supports companies in their sustainability journey by building an impactful strategy, embedding sustainable practices across operations, and reporting performance to stakeholders.

Our sustainability consulting services are designed in a continuous improvement process:

  • Strategy: governance, materiality analysis, risks and opportunities, stakeholder engagement, UN SDGs
  • Deployment: action plan, KPIs, targets, data monitoring, training
  • Reporting: data collection and validation, sustainability reporting (GRI Standards), integrated reporting (IIRC)
  • Recognition: ESG rating and indexes (e.g., DJSI, CDP, GRESB, Sustainalytics, VigeoEiris), client's requests (e.g., questionnaires, tenants, EcoVadis)
  • Assessment: gap analysis, benchmarks, mock audits
Sustainability Management Accounting
Tulya

At Tulyā, we are accredited sustainability consultants holding certifications in GRI, SASB and TCFD (now IFRS-ISSB), and ISO 14064 GHG Lead Verifiers, alongside being Singapore Certified Management Consultants. We are dedicated to driving sustainable business development across industries through Sustainable Management Accounting.  

We help MNCs with:

  • Evaluation of impact, risks, & opportunities
  • Re-assessment of materiality topics
  • Alignment with new reporting process requirements
  • Evaluation of value chain partners.

We help SMEs with:

  • Sustainability diagnostics
  • Stakeholder engagement
  • Impact, risk & opportunity assessment
  • Materiality assessment
  • Governance structure & process integration
  • Connecting sustainability accounting with financial accounting
  • Scenario building & target setting
  • Creation of sustainability reports.
Consultancy and training services on sustainability, strategy, risk and entrepreneurship
SustainableSG

SustainableSG was started in September 2018 to accompany companies, non-profit entities and government agencies to review and implement effective and sustainable corporate strategies. Our services include:

  • Strategy development and planning
  • Assessing climate change-related risks and the impact to your organization
  • Training and enhancing organizational capabilities
  • Sustainability reporting and stakeholder engagementPublic education
Sustainability & Impact Consultancy
Walk the Talk Consultancy

Walk The Talk is a boutique consultancy working with businesses, financial institutions(agnostic of sector and size) and multi-stakeholder organisations to deploy circular business models, create and manage impact and contribute to a regenerative economy.

We support organisations across the sustainability, impact and climate action lifecycle from ideation to execution and offer services related to: ESG & Financial Advisory, Impact and Value Creation, Monitoring, Evaluation & Reporting, and Systems Convening.

Operates in: deliver projects across geographies, based out of Singapore

Buddies - Experience sharing

The « green journey » may feel overwhelming sometimes, but you are not alone.

Our Buddies have tried, succeeded, failed to implement change in their companies. They share their experience so you can learn, take shortcuts, get inspired and ask questions.

Everybody can become a Buddy and give back to the community; if you are keen, get in touch with us.

Lucile Batut
Sustainable Finance Transformation

Wearing the double hat of finance and sustainability, I support finance departments in their transformation towards sustainability. With a management degree from a top business school in France, I have a multi-faceted experience from complementary positions I have held in business finance: from auditor to consolidation accountant, project manager, management controller and finance director.

In addition to my background in financial business partnering, I am passionate about enabling change in companies, always looking after my teams and colleagues to create the conditions for collective success.

Mun Wei Chan
Founder & Principal Consultant - SustainableSG

Mun Wei is the founder and principal consultant of SustainableSG, which provides advisory and training services in sustainability, strategy, risk and entrepreneurship.

He has worked with corporate, government and non-profit clients on strategy and implementation, reviewing organizational programmes and targets related to the UN Sustainable Development Goals, benchmarking and communicating sustainability and other corporate programmes and achievements, promoting inclusive hiring, developing compliance policies and reports, and formulating innovative business models.

He is also an Adjunct Lecturer at the Singapore University of Social Sciences.

Anna Håkansson
Co-founder - Tulya

I enjoy improving processes and creating data-driven insights. My background is in process development and operations as Quality Manager and COO. A few years back, I decided to re-purpose my career and have since then studied different aspects of Sustainable Business Development at the University in Sweden as well as the Sustainability Reporting Standards (GRI, SASB, TCFD and ISSB work in progress).

Now, I am here to help SMEs integrate sustainability into their business strategy and operations, focusing on the impact that environmental and social aspects will have on the organisation's ability to create value. By reducing the scope to the most relevant materiality topics, even SMEs with limited resources have a chance to start their transition to more sustainable practices.

Radhika Chavan
Co-Founder - Tulya

Radhika is the Co-founder of Tulyā, A Sustainability Management Accounting (SMA) Services company. Her work includes measurement and understanding of the impact environmental and social factors will have on the value creation for SMEs. She develops tailored tools and practices that integrate material topics (ESG & Business) with accounting statements line items to demonstrate financial impact of action vs inaction.

She has worked with Lehman Brothers, Barclays and IT services companies before starting her entrepreneurial journey in sustainability.

She is a graduate in Chemical Engineering and has been certified in SASB , PMP, CSM &  Design Thinking-MIT.

Ivona Balint-Kowalczyk
Sustainability consultant, Founder - Sustainao

With a background in sustainability consulting and audit, Ivona supports businesses in their sustainability journey by building an impactful strategy, embedding sustainable practices across operations, and reporting performance to stakeholders.

She is the founder of Sustainao, a Singapore-based company specialized in sustainability consulting. Previously, Ivona worked as a sustainability auditor at KPMG France. She holds an MBA in CSR & Sustainability and a Master’s degree in Environmental Management.

Chris Wei
Business Development Manager - Asia - South Pole

At South Pole, Chris supports Asian clients in their climate leadership and circular economy journey. The scope of services includes both carbon credits & sustainability consultancy. Chris currently manages clients from more than 10 Asian countries in categories such as conglomerate, agriculture, property development, asset management, retailing, information technology, and energy.

Zuzana Dzurillova
Founder and Director - Tamotsu Institute

Zuzana is experienced risk management consultant, project manager and trainer. She is Director at Tamotsu Institute, a sustainability consulting firm, and Programme Lead for corporate trainings at The Matcha Initiative. She views sustainability from the risk management perspective, making companies aware of the financial risks and opportunities involved.

She has studied Sustainability Leadership at the Imperial College of London and is certified in Sustainability and Climate Risk by the Global Association of Risk Professionals (GARP) and in Recommendations of the Task force for Climate-related Financial Disclosure by the TCFD.

Quentin Fouesnant
VP Sales – Zuno Carbon

Passionate about sustainability and technology, I have spent the last 10 years working in the energy, tech and sustainability sectors. I am VP of Sales at Zuno Carbon, a climate-tech providing end to end carbon management and ESG reporting solutions.

Samuel Chauffaille
Managing Director AsiaPacific (excl. China) - Ecocert

In 2003, I joined International SOS, world leader of medical and security assistance services and relocated to Singapore in 2008 where I have spent my life since. I held different regional leadership roles and I was a founding member of the Sustainability Committee and initially led the S (Social) part. I was also leading the Environment pillar, with a special focus on the Ecovadis certification.

I enrolled at SMU back in Sept 2020 and graduated from the Sustainability and Sustainable Business executive masterclass in Dec 2020. In July 2021, I joined a local singaporean startup H3Dynamics with the ambition to decarbonize the aviation industry! And since May 2023, I am now the managing director AsiaPacific for Ecocert, world leader in certification for organic products. I am also the Singapore Ambassador (volunteer) for Ecomatcher to help brands fight climate change, one tree at a time.

Finally, I am a French Trade Advisor and part of the Sustainability Committee to strengthen bridges between France and Singapore on this crucial agenda.

Naomi Vowels
Director - givvable

I am Naomi, currently co-founder & director of givvable. I started my career as an Australian diplomat with postings in East Timor, Thailand and Switzerland then moved into private banking where my interest in ESG and sustainability was seeded.

Today my company helps businesses screen and track the sustainability profile of their suppliers to help them achieve their goals and targets.